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ai seminar - colin bellinger

"beyond the boundaries of smote: a framework for manifold-based synthetic oversampling"

Presenter: Colin Bellinger, Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Computing Science, University of Alberta

Abstract: "Problems of class imbalance appear in diverse domains, ranging from gene function annotation to spectra and medical classification. On such problems, the classifier becomes biased in favour of the majority class. This leads to inaccuracy on the important minority class, such as the disease or gene function of interest.

Synthetic oversampling mitigates this by balancing the training set, whilst avoiding the pitfalls of random under and oversampling. The existing methods are primarily based on the SMOTE algorithm, which employs a bias of randomly generating points between nearest neighbours. The relationship between the generative bias and the latent distribution has a significant impact on the performance of the induced classifier.

Our research into gamma-ray spectra classification has shown that the generative bias applied by SMOTE is inappropriate for domains that conform to the manifold property, such as spectra, text, image and climate change classification. To this end, we propose a framework for manifold-based synthetic oversampling, and demonstrate its superiority in terms of robustness to the manifold with respect to the AUC on three spectra classification tasks and 16 UCI datasets."

ai seminar series

Fridays at noon, Amii and the Department of Computing Science host AI Seminars, engaging presentations on topics in the broad field of artificial intelligence. With speakers from the University of Alberta and other world-leading groups, the talks give AI enthusiasts a friendly way of engaging with the latest trends and topics in research and development.

Seminars are open to the public, and no registration is required, though seating is limited and on a first-come-first-served basis. Topics range from foundational theoretical work to innovative applications of artificial intelligence technologies.

If you would like to present at an upcoming AI Seminar, please contact Colin Bellinger.

Join the AI Seminar mailing list to stay up-to-date on all the latest presentations.

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